Make your own free website on


Secondary Sources

Title Page
Parents' Music Resource Center (PMRC)
Impact on the World Today
Process Paper
Primary Sources
Secondary Sources
Contact Us

“A look back at the PMRC: Architect of Censorship”



     This article describes the things the PMRC did to censor music.  Though this article is heavily biased against the PMRC, it has some interesting information.  This article supports our thesis because it supports the musicians who were against the PMRC’s subtle attempt to censor the music industry.


“Banned books and censorship resources”



    “Books are dangerous.  They make you think…feel…wonder…. They make you ask questions.” This is a quote from on the homepage of the site, which says right off the bat that the creators of this site feel very strongly that censorship is a very bad thing. This site contains information about censorship and lists of banned books.


“The censorship pages”



     This site contains information about censorship around the world.  It has resources on banned books, Internet censorship, anti-censorship events, and other information on censorship.  It also summarizes the dangers of censorship and how it conflicts with the first amendment.


     Delfattore, Joan, What Johnny Shouldn’t Read: Textbook Censorship in America; Joan Delfattore; Vail Ballou Press; Binghamton, New York, USA; 1992.


     “In this lucid, disturbing. And provocative book, Joan Delfattore offers a behind-the-scenes view of the ways in which special-interest groups influence the content of textbooks used in public and private schools throughout the country.”


     From The Entertainment and Sports Lawyer, Vol. 9, No. 2, Summer 1991, Pgs. 9-12 & 32. Interview with Frank Zappa DAVID M. GIVEN []


     This interview was conducted a year before Zappa died.  The questionnaire asked Frank questions about free speech and his views on different things.  This interview deals with our thesis because they talk about how free speech is corrupted by censors.


“Families Against Internet Censorship” []


    “Our goals are 1) to provide a resource for anti-censorship families on the net, 2) to maintain a list of families willing to speak out against Internet censorship, 3) to make families aware of commercial products for filtering objectionable material, and 4) to oppose those who would use the power of government to regulate Internet content in the name of "protecting the family".  So basically, FAIC is another anti-censorship who wants to spread the word and gain support, and whose ideas fit right in with our thesis.


“Feminists Against Censorship” []


    “The media may have given you the impression that feminists support moves to censor sexual media, so you might be surprised to know just how many feminists out there have been actively opposing such censorship since long before there was an Internet. And we still do.”  This quote (from the home page of the site) simply states that not all females are pro-censorship.  The FAC is an organization of females that are actively against censorship of all kinds.  The site contains news about censorship as well as information on various anti-censorship books.


“The file room” []


     The file room is one of the 50 organizations that make up the NCAC.  This site has information and different historical events that involved censorship.  It also provides an archive of cases and resources dealing with censorship.  Our Thesis ties in with the ideas of the file room because the followers support free speech and expression.


“Music censorship”



     This is an article with information on the war waged between both pro and anti censorship groups.  It gives reasons that censorship should be abolished and reasons it should be exercised.  It gives information on how censorship limits communication but at the same time protects children from explicit ideas.


“National Coalition Against Censorship”



     The NCAC, founded in 1974, currently consists of 50 national, non-profit organizations extremely opposed to censorship.  This site was created to inform people of the growing population of the NCAC.  It has news about censorship from around the world, links to informative sites, and other things about censorship.  The site provides support to our thesis because it states views on how censorship limits communication.  


“The net censorship dilemma: Liberty or Tyranny?”



     This is an informational site about different censorship laws that have been proposed or passed.  The site is focused on Internet censorship and what ways the Internet is censored.  It has different censorship polls, and a wide variety of information.  Most of the information is focused on censorship of the Australian government.


“Rap, rock, and censorship" Popular Culture and the Technologies of Justice []   


     This report, by Mathieu Deflem, has extensive information on the actions of the PMRC and censorship in general.  It has information on 2 Live Crew and Frank Zappa (and the other artists) that fought the PMRC to try to stop the censorship they intended to place upon music.  This report relates to our thesis because it talks about how censorship limits communication and how the PMRC fought to censor “offensive” music.


“Rock out Censorship” []


     This site expresses the feelings of an extreme anti-censorship organization that believes the rights that they get from the first amendment have been destroyed by the government.  There are also links to different petitions, newsletters, and volunteer forms all serving one purpose: To eliminate censorship.  This site fits with our thesis perfectly.  The creators and followers of the roc are the most hardcore anti-censorship activists you’ll find.


“Seth Finkelstein’s anti-censor ware investigation” []


     An anti-censorship activist named Seth Finkelstein spent several years to expose to the public the contents of popular censor ware blacklists.  His mission is to inform people of the dangers of Internet censorship and how much it negatively affects freedom of speech.  Seth is a spokesperson who spends most of his free time informing people of the dangers of censorship.


Steins, Richard, Censorship: How Does it Conflict With Freedom? Richard Steins; Fitz Henry and White Side, LTD; Allstate Parlaway, Markham Ontario, Canada; 1995


     This book provides historical and current information about the creation and current interpretations of the constitution.  It also provides information from both sides of the ever-raging war of censorship.


“Zappa speaks out about censorship”  []


     This is an interview with Frank Zappa about his experience with the PMRC.  They talk about different things that happened and different things the PMRC did.  This interview fits with our entry because they talk about what Gore and the other members of the PMRC did to try to censor artists.